Welcome to the ADAPT Data Protection Advocacy Toolkit! The Toolkit is a library of useful resources to support data privacy advocates, lawyers, and other concerned actors in promoting and enforcing rights-respecting data protection legislation and individual data privacy. Resources include primers on data protection, legal analyses, case law, advocacy guides, campaign concepts and more. To find the resources most useful to you, you can filter the library using the three navigation tabs in the search below. Those tabs include: 

You can also explore data protection issues, including resources, blog posts, and podcasts through our dedicated country pages for Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Nigeria by following the links above

Resource Type Descriptions


Resources designed to inspire and guide more impactful and informed advocacy efforts, including advocacy models, campaigns, and strategies.

Best Practices

Materials and guides that draw on previous data protection advocacy efforts to illustrate best practices and successful approaches.

Country Context

These reports, briefs, and other guides help to contextualize the current state of data protection and advocacy in specific countries.

Data Protection Laws

Explainers and overviews of the laws, regulations, and policies that specifically govern data protection.

Engaging Government

Campaigns, reports, white papers, and other materials that involve direct engagement with government bodies and officials.

Intro to Data Protection

This section consists of resources to introduce the concept of data protection.

Legal Framework

These resources touch on the legal environment and systems that can influence what policies are possible and how they might look in practice.

Securing Personal Data

Resources and best practices to keep your personal data safe.

Strategic Litigation

These guides, examples, and strategies offer assistance in pursuing changes through the courts

Explore the Toolkit

To find resources in the Toolkit, select as many of the filters in the search bar below as you would like. Each selection will present additional resources from the library.  

If you would like to see additional resources, guides, reports, etc., or to send us resources that we may be missing, please reach out to the ADAPT team directly using the contact information at the bottom of the page.  

Search by country
Resource Type

Data Protection in Ethiopia

Tags - Country Context, Legal Framework

DLA Piper, 2021 

A summary of the main aspects of the privacy regulations currently in place in Ethiopia.

COVID-19 and Digital Rights: A Compendium on Health Surveillance Stories in Africa

Tags - Best Practices, Country Context, Introduction to Data Protection, Securing Personal Data, Systems of Data Collection

Paradigm Initiative, 2021

The report presents a compilation of stories about privacy violations, creation of public policies related to data protection, defense of privacy; all of them occurred during the health emergency due to COVID-19.

Digital Rights and Privacy in Nigeria

Tags - Country Context, Introduction to Data Protection, Legal Framework

Paradigm Initiative, 2021

This report explores the state of digital rights and data privacy in Nigeria. It outlines how personal data is collected and retained, and how privacy can be breached by both private and state actors; the legal and regulatory framework, and how this functions in practice; and ongoing efforts and recommendations to better protect Nigerians' digital rights and privacy.

Guía básica sobre datos personales para Bolivia

Tags - Introduction to Data Protection

Internet Bolivia and Access Now, 2019

A basic guide containing concepts on personal data protection. For example; what is personal data, what is sensitive data, forms of treatment, etc. It also analyzes the situation of data protection and privacy in Bolivia.

Yo protejo mis datos

Tags - Advocacy, Best Practices, Data Protection Laws

Internet Bolivia, 2019

A campaign to promote the drafting of a data protection law for Bolivia. It includes multiple resources: articles, videos, guides and a proposal to regulate the data protection local ecosystem.

Unseen Eyes, Unheard Stories: Surveillance, data protection, and freedom of expression in Kenya and Uganda during COVID-19

Tags - Advocacy, Legal Framework, Systems of Data Collection

KICTANet, 2021

This report by ARTICLE 19 Eastern Africa, the Kenya ICT Action Network (KICTANet), and Pollicy reviews the national legal frameworks and practices that have enabled an extraordinary surveillance environment during the first year of the coronavirus pandemic in Kenya and Uganda. It documents and raises awareness about government and private sector surveillance measures and practices in both countries during this period and their human rights implications.

The role of Kenyan intermediaries in upholding privacy

Tags - Country Context

KICTANet, 2019

In this report, the Internet intermediaries were ranked based on the comprehensiveness of their policies with respect to digital rights. The Kenyan version of a similar initiative “Who has your back?” from EFF.

The Right to Privacy in Nigeria

Tags - Advocacy, Engaging Government, Strategic Litigation

Privacy International, 2018

Privacy International and Paradigm Initiative bring their concerns about the protection and promotion of the right to privacy in Nigeria before the Human Rights Council for consideration in Nigeria’s upcoming review. The document contains several observations on topics like state surveillance, lack of proper legislation on data protection, etc.

State of Internet Freedom in Nigeria 2019

Tags - Country Context

CIPESA, 2019

This research documents the trends in government internet controls between 1999-2019 in Nigeria, tracking key trends in recent years, analyzing the key risk factors, and mapping notable developments on data protection and privacy legislation and users’ understanding of protecting their privacy online.

Snapshot: Analysis of the Data Protection Act 2019

Tags - Best Practices, Data Protection Laws

Bowmans Law, 2019

The article presents the main changes that bring the Data Protection Act and explains in detail what the impact these changes will represent, in terms of new responsibilities. It also presents recommendations for improvement and better compliance with the law.