Welcome to the ADAPT Data Protection Advocacy Toolkit! The Toolkit is a library of useful resources to support data privacy advocates, lawyers, and other concerned actors in promoting and enforcing rights-respecting data protection legislation and individual data privacy. Resources include primers on data protection, legal analyses, case law, advocacy guides, campaign concepts and more. To find the resources most useful to you, you can filter the library using the three navigation tabs in the search below. Those tabs include: 

You can also explore data protection issues, including resources, blog posts, and podcasts through our dedicated country pages for Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Nigeria by following the links above

Resource Type Descriptions


Resources designed to inspire and guide more impactful and informed advocacy efforts, including advocacy models, campaigns, and strategies.

Best Practices

Materials and guides that draw on previous data protection advocacy efforts to illustrate best practices and successful approaches.

Country Context

These reports, briefs, and other guides help to contextualize the current state of data protection and advocacy in specific countries.

Data Protection Laws

Explainers and overviews of the laws, regulations, and policies that specifically govern data protection.

Engaging Government

Campaigns, reports, white papers, and other materials that involve direct engagement with government bodies and officials.

Intro to Data Protection

This section consists of resources to introduce the concept of data protection.

Legal Framework

These resources touch on the legal environment and systems that can influence what policies are possible and how they might look in practice.

Securing Personal Data

Resources and best practices to keep your personal data safe.

Strategic Litigation

These guides, examples, and strategies offer assistance in pursuing changes through the courts

Explore the Toolkit

To find resources in the Toolkit, select as many of the filters in the search bar below as you would like. Each selection will present additional resources from the library.  

If you would like to see additional resources, guides, reports, etc., or to send us resources that we may be missing, please reach out to the ADAPT team directly using the contact information at the bottom of the page.  

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Resource Type

Digital Rights and Privacy in Nigeria

Tags - Country Context, Introduction to Data Protection, Legal Framework

Paradigm Initiative, 2021

This report explores the state of digital rights and data privacy in Nigeria. It outlines how personal data is collected and retained, and how privacy can be breached by both private and state actors; the legal and regulatory framework, and how this functions in practice; and ongoing efforts and recommendations to better protect Nigerians' digital rights and privacy.

The Right to Privacy in Nigeria

Tags - Advocacy, Engaging Government, Strategic Litigation

Privacy International, 2018

Privacy International and Paradigm Initiative bring their concerns about the protection and promotion of the right to privacy in Nigeria before the Human Rights Council for consideration in Nigeria’s upcoming review. The document contains several observations on topics like state surveillance, lack of proper legislation on data protection, etc.

State of Internet Freedom in Nigeria 2019

Tags - Country Context

CIPESA, 2019

This research documents the trends in government internet controls between 1999-2019 in Nigeria, tracking key trends in recent years, analyzing the key risk factors, and mapping notable developments on data protection and privacy legislation and users’ understanding of protecting their privacy online.

Paradigm Initiative vs. NCC

Tags - Engaging Government, Strategic Litigation

Paradigm Initiative, 2020

Paradigm Initiative filed a complaint to a judicial court to order a stop to the blocking of SIM Cards that are not registered with the national identity document number. This is in order to protect the rights to privacy and access to communications.

Nigeria’s Urgent Data Privacy Law Need

Tags - Advocacy, Best Practices

Paradigm Initiative, 2018

A brief report on why Nigeria needs to pass a data protection law and the consequences of not having such regulation.

Enforcement of Privacy Regulations

Tags - Data Protection Laws, Legal Framework

DLA Piper, 2021

A summary of the main aspects of the privacy regulations currently in place in Nigeria. Data protection regulations, National Identity Card Scheme and Attempts to pass regulation are some of the topics commented.


Digital ID in Nigeria: A Case Study

Tags - Systems of Data Collection
English, French, Spanish

The Engine Room, 2020

The report seeks to explore the impressions of different actors of the Nigerian digital ecosystem about the normative and technical deployment of the Digital Identity scheme. It consisted of six in-depth interviews with key informants in Abuja and online, as well as interviews and focus group discussions with a diverse group of citizens, including internally displaced persons, people with disabilities, people living in rural areas and affluent areas, and civil society organizations. Some of the conclusions are that there are low levels of public awareness on Digital ID, barriers to registration and use, and a lack of informed consent.

Data & Digital Rights in Nigeria

Tags - Advocacy, Country Context

Luminate, 2021

The research focused on the context-specific issues related to data and digital rights in Nigeria, i.e. issues with existing interest or momentum from civil society, private sector and government, and the prominent supporters of this work.